The Largest Scale of the Coast Station Development Projects that have ever been implemented
The Republic of Indonesia (hereinafter “Indonesia”) is an archipelagic country which consists of more than 13,000 islands and its main means of traffic has been sea transportation since the old days. The Strait of Malacca and the Strait of Singapore that represent the surrounding sea areas have grown as the trunk arteries of international shipping which more than 90,000 ships per year are coming and going through. About 14,000 ships of Japanese flag are sailing though those straits, which are the important routes to support the Japanese trade.
However, marine accidents are increasing as the number of ships sailing in these straits is increasing. The demand for ship-to-shore communications has also been increasing. For safety of marine navigation, the radio communication system to cover all the waters of Indonesia is indispensable.
In 1983, JICA formulated the Master Plan of the Indonesian Coast Radio Stations and started the project of introducing the coast radio stations (shore base stations for ship-to-shore communications) in the entire country of Indonesia in order to allow a ship sailing in any water area in Indonesia to communicate with the shore side.
Japan Radio Company (JRC) participated in the five large-scale coast radio station projects for the period of 23 years including the first project in 1986, the second and the third and other additional projects, and supplied the coast radio station systems to Indonesia. Since then, the JRC systems have been operated in Indonesia. However, some of the system components have been superannuated. Further, the adoption of the GMDSS has been advocated by IMO. For these reasons, the forth project of the largest scale ever was started to develop 47 coast radio stations in the entire country of Indonesia and JRC participated in this project again.
≪Problems to Solve for the Project≫
It is mandatory to develop the ship-to-shore radio communication system to cover all the waters of Indonesia as the measure for safety of ships sailing in the Indonesian sea areas that have grown to be the trunk arteries of international shipping.
Increase in sea accidents as the marine traffic is growing.
Increase in the demand for communications between ships and shore.
Installation of the communications network to cover all the waters of Indonesia
JRC has delivered not only the coast radio stations to Indonesia, but also the Vessel Traffic System (sea/port surveillance system) to the Strait of Malacca in which the traffic of ships is particularly high in the waters of Indonesia. The JRC systems contribute to the comprehensive safety and security of all the ships navigating in the waters of Indonesia.
≪Summary of the 4th Project≫
Delivery and installation of the GMDSS-based communications equipment
Expansion and rehabilitation of the systems that had been delivered in the past, renewal of all the small-scale local coast stations, and introduction of the Automatic Identification System (AIS).